London 2012: Olympic closing ceremony begins with music from One Direction and Madness and Timothy Spall as Winston Churchill

The closing ceremony of the Olympic Games has started with references to some of London’s most famous monuments, an appearance from Timothy Spall as Winston Churchill, and a scene featuring Del Boy and Rodney.

The ceremony, titled A Symphony of British Music, is a celebration of the fact that music has been one of Britain’s strongest cultural exports over the past 50 years.

Performances have so far come from Emeli Sande, who also performed at the opening ceremony, Madness, the Pet Shop Boys, and One Direction.

Prince Harry was introduced as representing the Queen.

The show will feature more than 4,100 performers, including 3,500 adult volunteers and 380 schoolchildren from the six host boroughs.

As well as the show the closing ceremony also has to include elements such as the march of the athletes, where the flagbearers of the participating delegations enter the stadium in single file, followed by the athletes.

At the closing ceremony, athletes march together, and not by nationality.

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Three national flags are hoisted one at a time, while the corresponding national anthems are played – Greece to honour the birthplace of the Olympic Games, the host nation, and the country hosting the next Summer Olympic Games – on this occasion, Brazil, which will host the 2016 event.

The mayor of the host city joins the President of the International Olympic Committee on the rostrum and gives him back the flag.

The President then presents this to the mayor of the next host city – Rio de Janeiro – before making a speech declaring the Games closed.

The Flame, which has been burning in the cauldron since the opening of the Games, is extinguished, signalling the end of the Games.