On July 1 1916, thousands of soldiers walked across to German lines on the Western Front and began their assaults, confident their enemy had been weakened by a week-long bombardment of 1.6 million shells.
In the centenary year since the outbreak of the First World War, many organisations have staged events to mark the contribution, and in some cases the sacrifices, made by many who fought in the conflict.
For the thousands of supporters who flock to Upton Park every other Saturday, life without West Ham United would be unthinkable. But fans and players a century earlier nearly had to face just that when war broke out in Europe.
“Where to go for a drink near Great Portland Street?” was previously met with blank expressions and shrugs for those local to the area, not anymore, thanks to the opening of The Refinery at Regent’s Place, the eighth bar and restaurant from hugely-successful group Drake & Morgan.